Moses, the Plagues, and Passover



Good News



Scripture:†† Exodus chapters 6-12, with emphasis on Exodus 12:21-42.


Memory Verse:Romans 8:39: Nothing in all creation can separate us from God's love for us in Christ Jesus our Lord! (CEV)




v     God commands us to remember Godís salvation in worship.

v     We remember what God has done in the past, and we celebrate what God is doing today.




1.      The students will discuss the Passover and the Israelitesí departure from Egypt.

2.      The students will experience the making of unleavened bread.





Welcome and Introductions:

1.      Greet the children and introduce yourself.Wear your nametag. Make sure the children are wearing nametags.

2.      The purpose of this workshop is to learn about the Passover and the Israelites' departure from Egypt.


Scripture/Bible Story:

v     Ask the children to find Exodus 12:1 in their Bibles.

v     Quickly summarize Exodus 6-12 (the plagues) for the children.††

v     Read Exodus 12:21-42, the focus of this rotational unit.



1)      After reading the scripture, reiterate that the Israelites were instructed by God to eat quickly so that they could leave Egypt as soon as possible.Emphasize that God is commanding the Israelites to remember the exodus, and Godís salvation, through a celebration of worship.God is very specific about how the Israelites are to worship Him during the Festival of Thin Bread (Ex. 12:17) and Passover (Ex. 12:43).††

2)      Tell the children that they are going to make thin, or unleavened, bread like the Israelites did that night, and will be able to eat it before Sunday School is over.Have each child wash their hands, and move the class into the kitchen.

3)      Make the Bread.The bread recipe below makes enough bread for 8-10 children.For class sizes greater than 10, divide the class into teams and make two batches of bread.Assign each child a role in making the bread.The following roles may be used

a)      Measuring and pouring the flour into the bowl.

b)      Measuring and pouring the water into the bowl.

c)      Measuring and pouring the salt into the bowl.

d)      Measuring and pouring the butter into the bowl.

e)      Measuring and pouring the oil into the bowl.

f)        Flattening the bread

g)      Perforating the bread with a fork

Children may be given the chance to knead the dough with their hands for a few seconds, if time allows before the flattening and perforation.

4)      Bake the bread.While the bread is baking, clean up the preparation area.

5)      Remove the bread, and cut it into a small piece per child.Ask the children if any of them know what yeast is, and why God would not want them to use it in their bread making?Explain that yeast makes the bread rise, and takes an extra 30 minutes or more, depending on the size of the loaf.Showing them a loaf of bread using yeast would help them understand the difference.

6)      Before eating the bread, ask the children to bow in prayer.Lead them in a prayer that thanks God for keeping his promise to always be with us and for all the ways God cares for us.


Older children:

The older children will be able to participate in all aspects of making the bread.


Younger Children:

Younger children may be limited to mixing and kneading the dough, with the workshop leader and shepherd performing the measurements.



Reflection Time:

Ask the shepherds to pass out the journals and glue. Have the children paste the recipe for the bread making onto the journal sheet.


Tidy and Dismissal: Ask children to finish cleaning up the kitchen.




Recipe for Thin Bread



1 cup whole wheat flour

ľ tsp salt

1 tbsp butter

2 tsp oil

ľ cup water



1)      Mix flour, salt, and butter (best if melted) in a bowl.

2)      Mix oil and water into the bowl until it leaves the side of the bowl, and forms workable dough.If the dough is too crumbly, add a small amount of water (1/2 tbsp) until pliable.If the dough is too sticky, add a small amount of flour.

3)      Put a small amount of flour on a bread board and knead the dough lightly.

4)      Flatten the dough until itís thin, about 1/16 to 1/8 of an inch thick.Pick it up, turn it over and roll out thin again.

5)      Perforate with a fork and place on a lightly greased cookie sheet.

6)      Bake 8-10 minutes at 400 degrees until light brown.



Teacher preparation in advance:


1.      Read the scripture passages and attend the Faith Quest Leaders Bible Study.

2.      Visit the kitchen to familiarize yourself with the location of the ovens, utensils, cutting boards, working space, etc.Obtain the required cooking supplies listed below.

3.      Prepare a prayer to be offered before the children eat the unleavened bread.


Supply List


v     Ingredients for bread making recipe below:flour, water, oil, butter, salt

v     Utensils for making bread:Bowl, measuring cups and spoons, bread board, fork, timer, cookie sheet.

v     Cups and water or lemonade for drinking, napkins

v     Copies of the bread recipe (one for each child) for the children to paste onto their journal page.