Moses, the Plagues, and Passover



Apostle’s Playhouse




Scripture:  Exodus chapters 6-12, with emphasis on Exodus 12:21-42.


Memory Verse:  Romans 8:39: Nothing in all creation can separate us from God's love for us in Christ Jesus our Lord! (CEV).




·          God helps people who suffer.

·          God remembers and keeps God’s promises.

·          God commands us to remember God’s salvation in worship.

·          God saved God’s people with a mighty hand.




1.      Children will learn the story of  Moses and the Plagues and Passover by acting.

2.      The children will recognize that God kept God’s promises to protect suffering people.

3.      The class will celebrate Passover with pita bread and grape juice.




Welcome and Introductions:

1.      Greet the children and introduce yourself.  Wear your nametag.

2.      Explain the purpose of this workshop. Children will act out the plagues and celebrate Passover.

Scripture/Bible Story:

1.      Review the history of Moses briefly. The Israelites have been slaves in Egypt and wish to leave, but the king of Egypt won’t release them. God has told Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt and has promised to help him. Moses and his brother Aaron speak to the king requesting that the slaves be released from slavery, but the king refuses. Aaron performs the miracle of turning the Nile to blood; still the king is not convinced. Through 9 plagues the king’s heart is hardened and he refuses to let the Israelite people go.

2.      The plagues are blood, frogs, gnats, flies, dead animals, boils, hail, locusts, and darkness. Finally Moses warns the king that the Lord will pass through the land and every first born Egyptian will die. Still the king refuses to release the Israelites.

3.      Have the children use their Bibles to locate the scripture for this lesson (Exodus 12:21-42). Make sure that all children are able to locate Exodus. Assist the kids having trouble.

4.      Once all children have located the passage, read it together as a group. They may take turns reading or you can read it to them.

5.      Ask if there are any questions. You may need to explain the terms, plague, locust and boil. If this is the first week of rotation you may want to show where Egypt and the Nile are on a map or globe.



  1. Set up plague “stations” and a Passover table before the lesson starts if possible.
  2. Ask for volunteers to play the parts of Pharaoh and God (you may choose to be God to help direct the action if the class is young).  The rest of the class will be Israelites/Moses.


The Plagues and the Passover


Go as a group to each plague station. The Israelites (the whole class except those being Pharaoh or God) say, "Will you let our people go?"  Each time the king replies “No!”


Blood plague: blue towels lined up to represent the Nile.

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then Moses will touch his stick to the water and the Nile will turn to blood.

Children throw a red streamer into the Nile to represent blood.


Frog plagues: Have a bag of small plastic frogs or cardboard pictures of frogs and a pillow and bowl.

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then there will be a plague of frogs. Frogs will be everywhere, in your food bowls and in your beds.

(Children each try to toss a frog into the “kings” bowl or pillow)


Lice plague: Lice can be small paper shreds, rice or confetti.

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then there will be a plague of lice.

 Sprinkle a few pieces of confetti into each child’s hair.


Fly plague: flies are small pieces of black paper on a tray.

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then there will be flies buzzing everywhere.

Children each take a turn swatting flies.


Dead animals plague: have some stuffed animals or bean bag animals and a basket.

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then animals will die throughout the land.

Children toss “dead animals” into basket.


Boils plague: Have stick on circles for “boils”

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then the people in this country will develop a skin disease and have boils on their skin.

Children stick “boils” to their arms.


Hail plague: Have ping pong balls and throw them at a poster board picture of crops (wheat or corn, etc.)

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then great hailstones will destroy the crops in the fields.

Each child throws a “hail stone” at the crops


Locust plague: Have clothes pins painted green for locusts, and fake tree or plant.

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then great swarms of locusts will destroy what is left including the trees.

Each child clips a “locust” to a tree.


Darkness plague: Table covered with dark cloth.

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Then there will be darkness both night and day.

Children crawl under dark table.


Death of first-born children:

Israelites: Will you let our people go?

King: No!

God: Moses, tell your people to mark a red cross on their doors tonight. All firstborn sons in Egypt will die, but I will protect the houses with the red crosses, the illness will pass over these houses.

Children each draw a red cross on the white board or poster.


God: The next day Moses and his people were safe but there were many Egyptians dead.

King: Moses, you and your people must leave this country. Take your sheep and go away, but ask your God to be kind to me.

God: Moses, you and your people will celebrate Passover to give thanks that your first born children were spared from illness and to give thanks for your freedom from slavery.


At this time the workshop leader directs the children to the Passover area, either a table or carpet squares. Leader shows a basket of Matzo crackers with the explanation that bread without yeast (flat bread) was eaten at Passover because the Israelites had to leave Egypt quickly without time to let bread rise properly. A lamb or other animal was killed and its blood used to mark the Israelites doors so that death would pass over that house. The lamb also represents Jesus who is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. Israelites sacrificed lambs to save their first-born children. God sacrifice Jesus (who is called the Lamb of God) to save us from sin.


The leader says a blessing over the food. The class shares the matzo and grape juice.


Reflection Time:

Sharing and Discussion

1.      God helped the Israelites suffering as slaves. How does God help us when we suffer? God gives us comfort when we pray, parents to help us feel better, doctos and nurses to heal us when we are sick, friends to cheer us up when we are sad, helpers like rescue workers, police officers, and fire fighters when there is a disaster, teachers and tutors when we are struggling in school, etc.

2.      How can we help others who are suffering? We can help with kind words, hugs, prayers, or larger things such as donating food, time and money to those who need it.

Journal Time

Ask the shepherds to pass out the journals and pencils/markers.

Prompts for journal writing: What ways do we remember God and his promises to us? By worshipping, singing, praying, learning about God and by our loving behavior every day (being kind to and helping one another.)



Prayer: (suggestion) Ask for prayer requests and include them in your prayer. Thank you, God, for helping people who suffer and for keeping your promise to us by sending your son Jesus, the Lamb of God. Amen.    


Tidy and Dismissal: Ask the children to help tidy up. Place plague stations material in a box to be used for next week.



Teacher preparation in advance:


1.      Read the scripture passages and attend the Faith Quest Leaders Bible Study.

2.      Prepare a closing prayer.

3.      Check out the room before your first Sunday workshop so that you know where everything is located.


Supply List

·          Blue towels and red streamers

·          Bread bowl, plastic or cardboard frogs

·          Paper shreds or confetti

·          Black paper scraps, fly swatter, tray

·          Large basket, stuffed animals

·          Sticky paper circles

·          Ping pong balls and poster board

·          Clothes pins painted green, fake tree or bush

·          Table cloth and table

·          White board and red marker

·          Carpet square or table and chairs for eating

·          Matzo and grape juice

·          Cups and napkins



·        Egypt to the Promised Land: The Plagues in Egypt, from Creative Bible Learning Series.

·        Rotation Lesson Sets: Exodus Rotation Overview. Rotation Workshop Book by Neil McQueen.

·        Life of Moses Museum, Children's Ministry Magazine, September/October 1998.