David: God’s Chosen King


Good News


Scripture:  1 Samuel 16:1-13    

Other scriptures used in this rotation: Psalms 8


Memory Verse: The Lord said, People judge others by what they look like, but I judge people by what is in their hearts. I Samuel 16:7





  1. The children will play mirrors to discuss the reflections of our hearts.
  2. Read scripture and discuss the anointing of David.
  3. Read Psalm 8 responsively.



Welcome and Introductions:

Greet the children and introduce yourself.  Wear your nametag.


Explain the purpose of this workshop:

As we continue to study the life of David, we will find out that he has many talents.  He is thought to be the author of many of the Psalms in the Bible.  He was a shepherd, he was strong, he was able to kill Goliath with his sling and a rock, and he was chosen by God to become King of Israel.  The people of Israel did not select David to be king, God did.  As we will learn from the scriptures today, David used music to help calm King Saul, who one day David would replace as King.  


Scripture/Bible Story:

1.     Ask the children to say the memory verse.  (Display the verse on poster board.)

2.     Ask them to bow their heads for prayer.

3.     Tell the story of David’s anointing in your own words or read from a Children’s Bible storybook. Use lots of emotion. Have them to sit and open their Bibles to the Scripture.  In later weeks, ask the children “what happened next” to tell the story. 

4.     Provide an opportunity for questions, in case the scriptures are not understood. 





Reflections of our hearts - As we can see from the scriptures, it was not the oldest son, or the most handsome son of Jesse who was chosen by God to become King.  We know that God selected David because he reflected his faith in God, he had in his heart what God knew would help the people of Israel.

1.     Ask the class to stand.

2.     Tell them that they are a mirror.  They are to do everything that you do – reflecting your mood and actions.

3.     Once they understand the activity – do several things; (smile big and raise your hand, place hands on your hips and lean to the left, etc.)

4.     If the class understands the activity – ask them each to find a partner. 

5.     Have them to face each other.  The one with the longest hair is the mirror first.  Tell the other child to act out several things to be reflected in the mirror.  After a minute have them to switch roles. 

Once they have had an opportunity to act out and be a mirror, ask them to sit.


A mirror catches our reflections and actions.  Could the mirror reflect your moods; for example when you showed you were happy, laughing, and or sad?  What we feel on the inside can be hidden from others, but not God.  God knows what is in our heart.  Your actions are a reflection on your faith and what you believe. 


The story and the review: You will review the scriptures by groupings of verses, with questions about David. Read the overview of each verse here and then ask the questions that are in italic. 


Verses 1-3: God tells Samuel to stop grieving over the rejected King Saul.  Samuel is to go to Bethlehem to anoint a new king.  The king will be one of Jesses’ sons.  God tells Samuel he will inform him who to anoint, and not to worry. 

1.     What do you think Samuel was thinking as he went on this journey? 

2.     What do we already know about Bethlehem? 


Verses 4-5: Samuel obeys, but he is afraid elders will meet and ask him what he is doing.  He will feel like he is betraying his King.  When he meets Jesse and his sons, Samuel gives peace to them from the Lord and invites them to the sacrifice. 

1.     From the scripture we read a few minutes ago, who is missing among Jesse’s family?

2.     Was Samuel prepared for a sacrifice?  (What did he bring with him on the journey?)


Verses 6-7: The first born comes toward Samuel and he is sure since he is the oldest son, that he is the one (Samuel thinks to himself).  God tells Samuel that he is judging from one’s outside appearance and that this son is not the one to be anointed as King.

1.     How many of you are the oldest in your family?  Do you get special treatment?  During this time in history the oldest was often the first to be chosen for something great.


Verses 8-10: All seven sons pass by Samuel, and God does not choose any of them. 

1.     Do you think Samuel thought he had the wrong family? 

2.     Do you think the sons knew something was going on that would make their family powerful?


Verses 11-13: Samuel asks Jesse if these are all of his sons.  Jesse says the young one is out in the field tending the sheep.  Samuel asks Jesse to send for him.  When the youngest son approaches, God tells Samuel to get up, this is the one! David comes over to Samuel and kneels and Samuel pours oil over his head and anoints him as the next King of Israel.  From this point on, David has the spirit of God in him.

1.     Pouring oil over ones head, or feet was a symbol of faith.  It was a sign of honor.  What is similar in our church – when do we have water poured over us, or sprinkled over our head?  What does the water symbolize for us?

2.     How do you think David might have changed, when it states that he was filled with the spirit?


Verses 14-16: Saul’s good spirit of the Lord is no longer in his heart, instead an evil spirit is causing him to be frightened and have bad dreams.  He is told of a shepherd boy who plays the harp with soothing music that calms the sheep when they are frightened.  The officials go to find the young boy.

1.     Who can tell us who the young harp player is? 

2.     How do they know of this talented young boy?

3.     We know from later scripture that David goes to live in King Saul’s place and plays the harp to help calm Saul. Do you think this happened so David could begin to see what it would be like to rule Israel?


Read Psalm 8 responsively – Make sure you have enough copies for each child and the Shepherd.  Pass the sheets out and explain that this is a song written by David and is now in the Bible as a Psalm to praise the creator.  Many of the Psalms in the Bible are attributed to David. 



Reflection Time:

Ask the shepherds to pass out the journal sheet for Good News* and pencils/markers. Suggestion: You may wish to give the children a sticker or some memento to paste on their journal page as a reminder of the story or activity.



Prayer:  Suggestions for the closing prayer – Dear God our great creator, thank you for believing in us.  Thank for your providing us with the tools we need to get your work done.  Forgive us when we are lazy and do not complete our tasks.  We pray you will be with our families as we travel for our summer vacations. Thank you for the freedom we have in America to worship and learn more about your word. In your name we pray, Amen.


Tidy and Dismissal: Ask children to help tidy up. Close/lock the door and turn off the lights. The pillows in the Puppet room need to be placed back in the closet if you used them.  You might want to store your story props in the closet as well, since others use this room.




Teacher preparation in advance:

1.     Read the scripture passages and attend the Faith Quest Leaders Bible Study.

2.     Prepare an opening prayer for your lesson.  

3.     Check out the room before your first Sunday workshop so that you know where everything is located.

4.     Make copies of the Responsive Reading and the Good News Reflection Sheet in the church office.  


Suggested Supply List

Bible story book

Poster of memory verse

Copies of Psalm 8 responsive reading

Copies of reflection sheet




Bible Study led by Lori Houck the Kirk of Kildaire, Brueggemann’s First and Second Samuel Interpretation.

CEV Bible

Storytelling, Kids, and Christian Education, Arlene Flancher

Ideas from Farthing’s teaching days




Psalm – A Choral Reading using the CEV

Parts – Boys/Girls/Adult 1 and Adult 2


Psalm 8

Written by David



Our Lord and Ruler, your name is wonderful!



You let your glories be seen in the heavens above.



With praises from children and from babies you have built a fortress – it makes our enemies silent.



I think of the heavens that your hands made.



The moon and stars in their right place.


Adult 1

I ask – Why do you care about us humans?


Adult 2

Why are you concerned about the weak?



You made us a little lower than yourself. And have crowned us with glory and honor.



You let us rule everything your hands have made. 



And you put all of it under your power!



The sheep and the cattle, and every wild animal. 



The birds in the sky and fish in the ocean,



Are all your creatures.



Our Lord and Ruler, you name is wonderful everywhere on earth!